Therefore, we evidence elements of this new society that if they had redefined and if they had legitimized through the time, but that he possessed its origin in the form that was structuralized Brazil Colony. I point out, also, that since the abolition of the slaves, already he had a differentiation enters white workers and former-slaves. In synthesis, therefore, we consign two main trends in the racial relations in So Paulo of 1975. First the expansion and differentiation of the society urban-industrial who diversified the work market, making possible new possibilities of occupation and professionalization for the blacks and mulatos. However, to another trend, of this context, it would correspond that in the dispute for the vacant it had a preconception that, for many times, the blacks and mulatos in second plain left, then we verify a society that if became legitimate for the culture of the ethnic and racial differences. In this manner, I consider excellent ' ' casamento' ' of the Great House of Freyre with the analysis of the authors whom they had written on the reality of So Paulo, of the decade of 70. It signs it that the paulistano economic development showed to a perpetuation of the existing inaqualities and a racial discrimination, then, the times of the Great House has much in saying on this ' to them; ' nova' ' reality. Existing ruptures Brazil of the House Grande and Senzala enters and Brazil of So Paulo, 1975 the ruptures more are taken root in the new economic structure and politics that the society if legitimized. So Paulo, in this period, possessed a privileged economic position, in which it was the front in the industrialization process, playing a considerable accumulation of capital that aimed at the profit. However, this concentration of wealth, did not mean that the population was rich, in view of that must be considered as it occurred the process of capital distribution.